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World Book Encyc.
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A fore-edge painting
is a technique of painting on the edges of the pages of a
book. The artwork can only be seen when the pages are fanned,
as seen in the animation on the linked page. When
the book is closed, you don’t see the image because it is
hidden by the gilding (i.e., the gold leaf applied to the
edges of the page).
Encyclopedia Britannica, fore-edge paintings first arose
during the European Middle Ages but came to prominence during
the mid-17th century to the late 19th century. Anne C. Bromer
for the Boston Public Library writes, “Most fore-edge painters
working for binding firms did not sign their work, which
explains why it is difficult to pinpoint and date the hidden
Thanks to the generous gifts from Anne and David Bromer and
Albert H. Wiggin, the Boston Public Library holds one of the
finest collections of fore-edge paintings in the United
States. Most of the collection has been put online for the
world to enjoy and features more than 200 high-resolution
images; complete with additional videos, articles and
The University of Iowa and Colossal recently featured a few
fore-edge paintings with animated gifs that can also be seen
at this link.
31 Halloween Pumpkin
Get your carving tools out,
because Southern Living has 31 ways—from spooky to elegant to
jolly—to make your house Halloween ready.
Why should your jack-o’-lantern always be
deprived of a body? Stack two pumpkins to give your display
more presence. Carve the body to look like a shirt, and give
Jack a spiky hairdo.