Ruby Partin Lambdin A.B., M.A.
Gone to school and taught school all my life.
Life-long supporter of the Methodist Church and Mission
Parents-----Lawrence Partin and Minnie Hatfield Partin
Maternal Grandparents-L.F. "Squire" Hatfield and Matilda Belew Hatfield
Children--Carolyn, Sharon, Neal
Grandchildren--David, Brian, Jennifer Sue


Sources of my information, nearly all Primary and original Land Patent map traced from the original with names and dates.

            Old Court Records
            Old Deeds
            Old Newspaper Files
            Old Letters
            Interviews with "old-timers" in 1959 to now (1974)
            My own experience 1919 till now (1974)
            School Records

Paternal Grandparents--Rosa Partin Murray and Amos Jones
Maternal Great Grandparents--Wesley Belew and Liza Turner Belew
Paternal Great Grandparents--Winfield Scott Partin and Elizabeth
                             Collins Partin
Brothers--Arnold, Arlie, Roger

Some "old-timers" remember it as Happy Valley. It was a part of Lincoln County (Stanford was county seat when Kentucky first became a state.  There were two other counties, Jefferson and Fayette).  It was district no. 9 in Whitley before it became a part of Bell County.  Modern action planners include it as Model Valley.

1750--Dr. Thomas Walker



1775--First settlements west of the Alleghenies.  Hunting parties penetrated this valley, Indians first, white hunters next.

1781--Pioneer ancestors in Cumberland Ford (Pineville) and Yellow Creek (Middlesboro)

1792--Kentucky converted from a county in Virginia to a separate State in the Union. "South America" a long rolling plateau (isolated) between Pine and Log Mountains. Combination of mountain and valley the most beautiful scenery in Appalachian System.  Highest peak 2000 feet.

1816--First land grant of 50 acres to John Flanagan on Upper Laurel Fork.

1817--Joshua Tye land grant 150 acres where Lawrence Partin property now is to Sutty Branch. In 1855 Mr. Tye patented 150 acres where Chenoa now is.

1825--William Reynolds 50 acres Upper Laurel Fork. Henry Tye and George "Wooley" Powers sold to Westley Belew 144 acres--now bears the name Belew Hollow.

Once a little girl met "Wooley" on the road and was frightened by his strange appearance. He kindly reassured her. After World War I "Wooley" had enough of lawlessness and made an exodus to Oklahoma where he died.

Wesley Belew came from Yellow Creek (Middlesboro) with his wife Liza Turner Belew, who wore a leather band around her head--Something to do with a cracked skull. They farmed and raised goodly numbers of cattle and sheep.

Elam Partin (Winfield Scott Partin's father who was taken by Rebels and never heard from) patented land on Laurel Fork.

Shelton Partin patented land until he had 400 acres--Alvis Partin farm, Clayborn Lambdin farm and more on Upper Laurel Fork. Shelton was Alvis' grandfather.

1833--William Campbell patented land and more in 1838

1837--Edward Henderson (from N.C.) 250 acres from W.E. Partin property up to Chenoa. Edward was related to Bill Henderson and was the grandfather of Scott Warwich Partin.

1839--Benjamin Tuggle patented what is now part of the Alvis Partin farm.

1846--John Wumble land around Sutty School. William Partin 100 acres where old farmhouse is on Henderson Settlement property, donated by Bill Henderson after he swapped farms with Scott Warwich Partin. William Partin also patented 150 acres on Upper Laurel Fork.

Preston Webb, 250 acres on right fork of Wheeler Creek where W.T. Murray now lives. W.T.'s father, Marshall and grandfather Thomas owned this land. Henry


Murray, a brother to Thomas, owned land near Hatfield Gap. Thomas married Elizabeth Partin, sister to Winfield Scott Partin.

Winfield Scott Partin owned land from Sutty Branch to Lawrence Partin property. He conveyed some of it to Perley T. Cairnes whose heirs conveyed it to Henry Murray who sold it to Lawrence who gave part of it to Henderson Settlement.

Winfield Scott Partin's son Leonard went to Normal School in Williamsburg and taught school in South America in the early 1920's. Most of the present mission buildings are located on land donated by Winfield Scott's heirs.

William Henderson 100 acres east fork of Pine Creek. Also 100 acres where Carl Hickman now lives.

1848--Allen Hurst 50 acres, Upper Laurel Fork.

1850--Exodus of George "Wooley" Powers. Whose son Berry built a two story house bought by Manse Partin (wife China). Area named Manse Hill. The Powers also built a two story house that Bob Jones bought from John Powers. Robert Jones (wife Ida Fletcher Jones) cut down and remodeled the Bob Jones (his father) house where he is now living.

Jackson Partin 90 acres top of Log Mountain. Winston Partin 50 acres Jane Spur.

George Cress sold 300 acres to Matt Partin (Hobby) in head of Belew Hollow. John Wumble--Tildren Partin farm now Yankey Farm part of Settlement.

1868--Jonathan Partin (W.E.'s grandfather) operated a water-powered sawmill. Employed 3 men.

1870--L.H. Thickston--several block patents (each block 200 acres)
Chenoa area. H.B. James block patents same area.

DeGroot et. al. 1600 acres between headwaters of Laurel Fork and Clear Creek. John L. Craig block patents most of the south sid of Pine Mountain.

1876--Janie Innis (Mrs. Edward) 25,000 acres in Josh Bell County. Janie mortgaged this property to the Third National Bank in N.Y. Third National Bank transferred it to Yellow Creek Land Co. (Middlesboro) and Log Mountain Coal Co. They transferred it to

U.S. Trust Co. which became the Louisville Property Co. They transferred these block patents to Huber and Huber Corporation.

Several of the original Innis Patents are now owned by Henderson Settlement. Others are part of Hollybrook (House built by W.E. Cissna and now owned by Edith Orick). Some land unpatented late as 1890's.

1880--1890--James Maiden (Uncle Jim) leading businessman of South America, two


story house near Whitley County line. He dealt in cattle, sheep, hogs and ran a general store. He made good money and bought a good farm in Whitley County.

Sillas his son lived in the two story house until he died. Joe, George, Andy, Mary, Bill and Philip were the rest of his children.

Jim's brother Bill married Sarah Jane Bray--Granny Maiden and they homesteaded where Ruby Lambdin's home now is.

Granny is compared to Golda Meir by Jesse Stuart in "Tennessee Hill Folk" by Joe Clark.

Granny and Bill had 3 children: George (G.S.) a postmaster and surveyor, Mary (Mrs Moss Lambdin) and America (Mek) who married John Walker. Mek's daughter Mary Jane married Luther Orick.

A third brother Shelt Maiden married Clem Hatfield and had 12 children. (Bryant, Wiley, Alice, China, Elizabeth, Mittie, Lillie, Angeline, Wesley, Jim and George.

James Lemuel Fletcher (mother Jane Fletcher, father Jim Rollins) and his wife Mary Angeline Partin. Fletcher (daughter of George Partin and Nancy Webb Partin from Virginia) had a store in Morgan Hollow and owned half a bakery in Pineville.

He sent his daughter Nancy and son John L. to normal school in Williamsburg. Local schools just went to the eighth grade. Hiram Frakes built the first high school. Fletcher's land joined Wesley Belew's but they wouldn't build a common fence. They each built one with a "Devil's Lane" between. Belew fought for the Union and Fletcher for the Confederacy.

Some local schools at this time were Sutty, Tiny Branch, Red Men's Hall, where the barn now stands on Yankey Farm, (Tilden Farm--from his father Winfield Scott who homesteaded there), in a field near Gibsons (Harrison, Luster, George--their father and mother Nancy), Chenoa, Laurel Fork and Davisburg.

L.F. "Squire" Hatfield was magistrate so long that his son-in-law ran against him and lost. His grandson Arlie was nicknamed "Squire" because he asked his father if he got elected would they all be little squires? Squire Hatfield held court under a tree barefoot after he got home from mine boss and had a bath. He married three times and had 18 children--Matilda Belew, Sidney Partin and Edna Cobb. L.F. Fuson was a businessman and such a good manager that he acted as a banker in a way, loaning to anyone in need who had integrity enough to care if they paid it back. (father of Beth Fuson and Mary Fuson Fletcher (Mrs. John L.) wife Katie.

Is it possible that there were six sets of unrelated Partins? Unlikely, but each
set had nicknames: Winfields, Peanuts, Bucks, Tobeys, Hobbys, Chenoa Set. "Sage Grass and Partins have taken the country," said Scott Warwich Partin.


1890--Earnest Withrow--Steam Mill--jobs for 8 people.

1844--1917 James B. Partin lived on Big Clear Creek. He surveyed the boundary of Bell County. He associated himself with others to mine silver in the region of Chenoa.

Swift's Silver Mines is somewhere in these mountains. Swift never returned to the silver he found.

A man has been digging for a Civil War payroll for 15 years.

A sack of silverware and money was buried on Pine Mountain at the base of some big tree.

1856--1857 Jesse Daugherty homesteaded, built a front to an overhanging cliff. Rebels arrested Jesse, took him and his horse away, where he made meal for them with a hand mill made of two stones.  At home he made spinning wheels and chairs for sale.

United Trust Co. said his deed had been artificially aged when he hung it over the fireplace in a sock. The Court Commissioner decided in favor of Daugherty's deed. Mr Frakes used money from the German Methodist Orphans Home, Philadelphia, to acquire this disputed property.

Scott Warwich Partin said Jesse made the best moonshine in these parts. Title later attributed to Bill Henderson.

Wilkersons settled and named "Germany." When they left they dug up their child who died and took it with them. Years later several Petreys attended the mission school from that area.

Billy Bray (Lee Bray's grandfather) and Miss Emmaline Case surveyed Tiny Branch. William Riley Lowe was an old-timer near the Whitley County Line.

1876--District No. 9 "South America" was cut off from Whitley County and became a part of Bell whose county seat was more accessible.

Two story houses: Manse Partin on Manse Hill (built by Berry Powers). Robert Jones (cut down and remodeled the one built by John Powers). Jim Fletcher, Jim Maiden, Winfield Scott Partin (on site of Yankey Farm house, Red Men's Hall and Central Grove Baptist Church (nicknamed Minnie Chapel) after Minnie Hatfield Partin--husband Rev. Lawrence Partin who carried on till she died in 1954. Earliest houses--split log and stripped plank.

1876--When District No. 9 was cut off there were 22 family names, 37 families:
      John Davis-----------Elijah Lyons-----------Billy Partin (wife Maggie)
      Russ Davis-----------James Henderson--------Ephraim Partin
      Joe Davis------------Rev. David Mason-------Evan Partin
      Beth Fuson-----------John Mason-------------George Partin


      Bill Daugerty--------James Maiden-----------John A. Partin
      Green Gibson---------Shelt Maiden-----------John J. Partin
      Cal Hubbards---------Henry Murray-----------Manse Partin
      Jonathan Hurst-------Richard Murray---------Winfield Scott Partin
      Bill Hamlin----------I.A. Overton-----------Wesley Powers
      Bob Jones------------Esau Owens-------------John Shepherd
      Riley Jones----------Alvis Partin-----------Harve Sparks
      George Lambdin------------------------------Tom Wilson
Intermarriage was strictly forbidden but sometimes happened. But with this variety it didn't have to.

1884--First railroad to Chenoa Cannel Coal Mine--Joe Knox, boss--employed about 70 men. J.R. Justice got his ears burned off looking for a gas leak with an open light. Mine blew up and went broke about 1904

1886--The great flood swept through the valley leaving logs strewn all over the place and sweeping away lumber yards.

1895--John H. Bruce--Sawmill set at Willis Hollow, Chenoa--employed 8 or 9--cut lumber to build Pineville Depot at $9.25 per thousand board feet.

1898--Cairnes Coal Co. (huge operation)--two camps, Popular Lick and Cairnes at Davisburg. Employed 200 men. Nelson Mason (Robert L. Mason's uncle) had a contract to build a railroad branch line to serve Cairnes.

Cairnes sold to Log Mountain Coal Co. (Which went broke) Court sale to Bell Ridge Mining and they sold to M.K. Ebblin who took the bankrupt law (unable to meet union demands)

Clayborn Lambdin and George Stewart (state representative) in 1957 reactivated Cairnes and employed about 40 men. Cairnes now leased to strip miners. Clayborn deceased 1968.

Elementary schools up to eighth grade. (Anyone who wanted a higher education went to Normal School in Williamsburg. W.T. Murray became a teacher that way and went on years later to get his degree cum laude. Baptist Churches: New Vine, Pleasant Grove, Central Grove, New Buffalo, Chenoa, Davisburg, Laurel Fork and others.

Church of God (Holiness) came to South America just a few years before the Methodists (1925).

1900--Mr. Bruce got partners in the sawmill--John Irvin Frazier and Jim Maiden.

A place this side of Jellico called Boston was the first post office. George Powers (at the E. Fuson place) had the first post office in the South America area. Part of E.'s property was in Whitley County and part in Bell County.


Ark (possible misspelling of Orick) was the name of the post office.

1907--Philip Mason Sawmill--Belew Hollow--Stack of lumber fell on him and killed him.

The citizens of Laurel Fork asked for a post office and sent in three of their wives names as suggestions. Bill Henderson's wife Linda won, with Jim Hamlin as postmaster. Became Linda, KY.

Millard Overton and Ruth were postmaster when it was located at Patrick Partin's house. Scott Warwich Partin and Lena, G.S. Maiden and Fannie were postmaster at their home.

H.M. Frakes was postmaster for 18 years with the post office in various mission buildings. The name was changed to Frakes in 1936. It is now housed in the Mission Office Building with Pauline Fuson as postmaster.

1918--J.S. Davis organized the first Boys Club in Bell County.

Wheeler Creek Lumber Co. 1918-1921--James McGilbert

1920--Winners in Boys Clubs in Bell County (only local ones listed here)
      Lemuel Fletcher--------Pearl, KY----------Corn
      Willie Partin----------Linda, Ky----------Corn and Poultry
      Sam Powers-------------Pearl, KY----------Beef and Cattle
      Roy Head---------------Chenoa, KY---------???????
      Estil Partin-----------Chenoa, KY---------Pigs

Chenoa Hignite Coal Co. (1900-1931)--F.G. Burnett

Ate the turn of the century, it was common for the wife of the family to load home-raised and home-made products on a horse and go peddling. They usually went over the mountain to Pruden Coal Camp and peddled their wares from door to door. Granny Maiden probably did more of it than anyone.

Cattle and hogs were allowed to roam the unpatented woods. Every family had a special mark so that they could identify their stock at roundup time.

                     Pineville Sun (started 1908)

All items copied from 1915 issues under columns headed Laurel Fork or Linda.

One of the deer (bring the herd up to fifty) in the Pineville Game Preserve, Tuesday one jumped from a cliff and was killed soon after it was freed.

In 21 years of marriage Sherman Jackson moved 81 times.

Messrs. Harvey Overton and James Davis attended church at Linda last Sunday.


The school at this place is getting along nicely with C.C. Smith as teacher.

Last Sunday was regular church time at Chenoa. The Revs. Carmack and Woolum preached to a large audience.

The road is nothing but mud from Chenoa to Linda. More farming than ever seems to be the go here.

The hard times and the war scare has put all the lazy people to work in these diggings.

The Chenoa Hignite Coal Co. has cut down to 3 days a week.

The fair weather has caused much ground to be turned for corn.

Smallpox has been raging near Pearl, KY. Thomas Marsee and Craig Teague are in a critical condition.

The Laurel Fork School closed on April 29 with C.C. Smith as teacher. There was a large crowd in attendance at closing exercises. Mr. Smith taught 4 months and Miss Irene Pitts 2 months.

During the term of school, not a pupil received a whipping and not one being tardy. You could have heard a pin drop any time in study hours. We can brag on this school as being one of the best in the state. Enrollment 79 (1915)

Anyone wishing for a quiet school should apply for this one. George Maiden of Linda is Trustee.

Rev. Job Carmack preaches to a good crowd every Sunday.

L.F. Hatfield "Squire", J.P. and J.S. Hamlin DS made a business trip to Pineville and attended court.

Marriages: Joe Wolfenbarger, 40 and Mrs Martha Jane Roach, 37 both of Linda. Luther Orick and Mary Jane Maiden eloped to Tennessee to have the knot tied.

William Riley Lowe was murdered in Hatfield Gap by 3 men claiming to be officers.

Teachers selected: (only local ones are named here) Clara Ward, Davisburg; Lee Webb, Davisburg; C.C. Taylor, Linda; J.W. Foley, Pearl; J.W.Walters, Fonde; Ellen Fuson, Fonde; Kate Johnson, Fonde; Charlotte Holtsworth, Fonde. Superintendent of Bell County Schools: Simon Delph.

Two-day picnic at Chenoa July 2, 3, by the Junior Order of United American Mechanics. County at large invited. Music, dancing, all kinds of refreshments.

James Gibson preached to a full house at Linda Sunday.


Everybody is busy making molasses here but Moss Lambdin and he has been very busy making Apple Jack for the last month.

J.I. Frazier is erecting a lumber and lathe mill here.

Corn crops are the lightest for years but potatoes made up the loss.

What do you say to building a good road from Pineville to Pruden as this is one of the most important thoroughfares in Bell County.

The snow is 4 inches deep and still snowing.

A few days ago a mad dog passed through Linda and bit lots of stock. The dog was killed near Pearl but not before it bit Elisha Dixon's little girl. It bit six of Silas Maiden's ducks. He thought some miscreant had partly killed one so he finished it and ate it. Now he is badly worked up after finding it was bitten by a mad dog.

The citizens of Pearl got together and killed 13 dogs in one day. It looks as if the dog tax will be light this year.

On last Saturday night Mr. Isaac Frazier was initiated into the mystery of juniorism.

Glimpses have been given of a pioneer community which was normal, progressive and contributing prior to 1920. After World War I prices of moonshine sky rocketed. Lawlessness surfaced in a minority of the citizens of South America. A majority were honest, hardworking and very religious.

Ministers were uneducated and unpaid and they helped the flock develop a creed denying the importance of either.

Spirit was held to be not only the most important thing but the only thing, with every individual capable of receiving authority from on high.

In philosophy this sounds high and holy and lifted up which it often was but also in practice God was credited with sundry revealings that must have come from Outer or Inner Darkness.

A mountaineer with nothing but a pair of overalls stood taller than a cosmopolitan with millions at his command.

Chief voice of dissent against wrong in any quarter: Mrs. Minnie Hatfield Partin (Mrs Lawrence Partin, Baptist Minister) 1898-1954 Her positive witness: "Let my friend be your friend (GOD)

Courageous dissent against County-wide Ball Political Machine.
Courageous dissent against moonshining which persisted then as now.


Courageous dissent against less-than-true pictures of the community used for Mission Promotion.

1935--We the undersigned hereby give the amounts set opposite our names for the purpose of purchasing ten acres additional land for the Partin Settlement School (later changed to Henderson) near Chenoa, the said school having already acquired by gift about 45 acres of land.

M.F. Creech-----$5.00    Katie Fuson-----5.00    Squire Hatfield-----5.00
Camie Wilson---- 1.00    John Partin-----2.50    Hillery Partin------1.00
J.G. Helton----- 1.00    Garrett Partin--2.50    Harrison Gibson-----3.25
W.C. Thompson--- 1.00    E. Fuson--------5.00    Henry Bowlin--------5.00
Jas. Howard----- 5.00    Luster Powers---1.00    Frank Jones---------5.00
E. Philpot------ 1.00    Sillas Maiden---2.00    John Jones----------5.00
J.F. Asher------ 2.00    Willie Cobb-----1.00    Esau Owens---------- .50
Robert Vanover-- 5.00    Matthew Cobb----5.00    Morris Wender-------2.00
Joe Cooper------ 1.00    Foster Wilson---1.00    M.L. Partin---------5.00
C.C. Taylor----- 5.00    Florence Cobb---5.00    George Partin-------5.00
Nelson Cowan---- 2.00    Silas Cobb------1.00    Martin Willis-------2.00
A.E. Partin----- 2.00    Steve Cobb-----10.00    John E. Partin------3.00
Elam Partin----- 1.00    J.G. Maiden----25.00    Angeline Fletcher--10.00
J.B. Maiden----- 1.00    Andy Hatfield---1.00    C.C. Partin--------10.00
Katherine Maiden 1.00    Roscoe Wilson---1.00    John M. Partin------5.00
Alvis Partin---- 1.00    Cal Partin------1.00    J.M. Partin---------5.00
Robert Jones---- 5.00    Frank Partin----1.00

The following amounts of land had already been given: Scott Warwich Partin, 16 acres; Sherd Partin (Winfield Scott's son), 11 acres; Floyd Partin (Winfield Scott's son), 10 acres; Rosa Partin Murray (Winfield's daughter), 3 acres; Lawrence Partin, (Winfield's grandson), 3 acres; Evan Partin (half of what he had) 2 1/2 acres.

1925--Henderson Settlement Mission founded by Hiram Frakes on 132 acres of donated land. Uncle Scott Warwich Partin gave the first 16 acres. Bill Henderson gave 68 acres--the largest single donation. Henderson Settlement was named after him and Bishop Theodore S. Henderson of the Ohio Conference. The Bishop gave the biggest early support for the whole program.

Frakes preached first sermon in Evan Partin home. Billy Partin (Chenoa) was guide on Mr. Frakes' first trip in. Partin is English in derivation and means "living at or near a pear orchard." Most people in the area have coats of arms. The Partin one is divided in red and gold. The red top has three gold snails rising-
Means deliberation and constancy to reach the highest goal. The gold bottom has three sea-green holly leaves representing the thorny wreath worn by Christ. It was used as crusading arms of Christianity.

Miss Bertha Riel lived in the old log cabin (now restored by Al Young) and taught the first thirteen students in a plank house that had belonged to Sherd


First thirteen: Wayland Jones, Ethel Bowlin Brown, Florence Bowlin Webb, Mossie Murray Price, Alice Partin, Jack Partin, Laura Lambdin, George Arthur Maiden, William Siler Maiden, Minerva Partin, Laura Partin, Jim Harve Murray, William Henry Murray.

1925-1935--Scott Warwich Partin ran a sawmill for the mission and then made fiddles, furniture, shoed horses and other projects of a blacksmith.

1926--Rev. R.L. Budd, from Ohio Conference, son Eldon taught school in the Sherd Partin house--where the firehouse now is.

1927--Partin Hall dedicated--used as a school, staff quarters and chapel (burned 1938) Eva Mae Rhodus served as first nurse until 1934.

1928--Log house built, Goodwill Store (now Opportunity Store in office bldg). Bishop Henderson Memorial Tabernacle built by 18 ministers, Lima Ohio. Girls Cottage--Later burned.

First Quartet: Elmer Partin, Margie Bowlin, Ethel Bowlin, Wayland Jones. Two more boys, DeWitt Lambdin and Bill Taylor sang before it changed to "Sunbonnet Girls in Quartets." Ethel Bowlin, Shirley Leach, Margie King, Bertha Green, Rosa Kemplin, Joyce Cobb, Betty Osborne, Jeanette, Doris June Leach, Nevada Green, Wilma Powers, Gladys Powers Jackson, Margie Bowlin, Sarah Bowlin, Jeanette Ulrich, Hester Jones, Joey Bowlin, Mabel Henderson Taylor, Sarah Lou Henderson, Opal Bowlin, Mildred Clendenen, Bertha Kemplin, Eunice Wright, Martha Cornett, Judy Lay, Pauline Hatmaker and the Cowan sisters, Nell, Lucille, Fern and Jean. Hiram Frakes and these girls made for promotion magic.  Tex Evans took the last quartet (Bernice Webb, Robethel Webb, Barbara and Patricia Hoskins to California and Washington.


                     There's a little logwood cottage
                     I will always hold so dear,
                     Settle back among Kentucky Hills.
                     As a child I often wandered
                     'Mid the flowers, birds and trees--
                     Memories of those happy days
                     My fond heart thrills.

                     Take me back, oh, take me back
                     To those Mountains that I love,
                     And the people who were kindly friends of yore.
                     When I'm sad and lonely,
                     How I long to go again
                     To that cottage in the old Kentucky Hills.


                     There my mother often told me,
                     Ere I left my Mountain home,
                     Of the Bible and God's love so true,
                     But I am going back to see her
                     And I never more shall roam,
                     From that cottage
                     With the roses around the door.

                            Chorus again

1929--Rev. and Mrs. Forest Brown, Pastor. Three story shop--served out its usefulness.

1930--First 4-H Club in the county, organized by Clarice Rowland Long at Henderson.

Rev. and Mrs. Hodgkins, Pastor, Principal.

Homemaker Clubs did a lot toward beautifying lawns and homes.

1931--Mountain View Girls Dormitory built. (burned 1971). Rev and Mrs. Hall Pastor.

1932--Cottage back of barn; cabin for farm worker (burned).

Log House--used for post office--now houses director Don Stilwell.

Rev. and Mrs G.M. Haggard, Pastor.  Miss Catherine Smulling, nurse.

1933--Mrs. Hodder, nurse (killed in car wreck)

Great hailstorm--laid Pruden flat, uprooted huge beech trees and broke windows in "South America".

1934--Milford Partin and son W.E. started sawmill to 1952.

1935--Rev. and Mrs. W.E. Cissna, pastor and nurse. Rev. Cissna drew plans for Kynett Memorial Methodist Church and became its first pastor. Margaret Kahle Cissna RN, taught health classes, held clinics, delivered over 300 babies. Mr. Cissna built Hollybrook--now Edith Orick's.

Shop built for Uncle Scott Warwich Partin. Ernest Partin, master builder of Kynett. House for teachers--former home of Charlie Partin family.

1937--Two barracks, swimming pool.

1938--Home built for founder Hiram Frakes (Frakes sold it to Wayland and Ruby Jones, they sold it to Wayne and Mickey Jones).


1940--New Partin Hall dedicated July 21, 1940. (Henderson Settlement School)

W.T. Murray and brother Elmo saw milled for a year or so.

1941--REA electric lights

Kynett Memorial Chapel dedicated, Sept. 15,1941, honoring D.A.G. Kynett, secretary of Church Extension, Philadelphia (Eleanor Kynett and Dorothy Kynett Coggshall gave $2,000 in memory of their father).

1943--Rev. and Mrs. H.T. McDonald, pastor--parsonage built.

1944--Rev. and Mrs. Lee Fisher, song writer, evangelist, world traveler. Rev. Frank Boyle, asst. director.

1945--Rev. and Mrs. John W. Cook, Rev. and Mrs. Bashford Power RN--pastor

1945-1957  Luther Orick operated a sawmill.

1946--Rev. and Mrs Guy Crawford, pastor.

1947--Present barn. Rev. and Mrs. E.B. McBroom, associate director.

1949--Rev. Claude J. and Mrs. Thelma Eaton, pastor and teacher.

1950--Lois Kennedy Baldinger Memorial, block building for boys dorm (now called Emergency Shelter). Tex Evans built an apartment for house parents. Don Stilwell is extending the dinning room.

1951--Rev. and Mrs. Stanley P. Mahan, new director and pastor.

1952--Rev. and Mrs Ward Barter, new director and pastor.

1952-1957 Sawmill operation of W.E. Partin and Clayborne Lambdin employed 40 men.

1953--Hiram Frakes retires--acreage up to 750. Route 190 black toped to Frakes.

Rev. and Mrs. Glenn "Tex" Evans, director, pastor, promotion director, office worker.

1955--Rev. Carrie Elizabeth Ovall, retired minister established craft shop, became a charter member of Kentucky Arts and Crafts.

1957--W.E. Partin mill burned.

1959--Rev. Lee and Mrs. Joyce Hubbard, RN, as pastor and nurse. Brick house built for director.


1960--Andrew G. Yankey bought the Winfield Scott Partin pioneer home site from Clayborn and Ruby Lambdin, gave it to the mission for a Foster Home. Don Stilwell plans to enlarge it and build two more Foster Homes on the site. Howard and Bee Coppock remodeling the Tilden House, renamed it Yankey Farm on Winfield Scott Partin home site. From Chenoa to Alvis Partin's has been dubbed "Estil's Town" because he has built over 35 houses, barns, storage shops and a church. More houses than any single person or institution has built.

1962-1963 West farm lands added--600 acres. Water system completely re-established and improved with donations from Fox Chase Methodist Church in Philadelphia, by Rev. John Gilbert (son Jack Gilbert, pastor of Kynett in 1972). Gymnasium built. 236,000 trees planted. All buildings rewired and repaired. Black Angus herd of 150 established. Furnaces, fire escapes brought up to state standards. Settlement licensed as a Child Care Institution and Day Care Center. Acreage up to 1100. Four-room addition on Partin Hall, walk-in zero box, new bathrooms and dishwasher. Straighten streams. All workers placed on Social Security.

1962--Carrie Ovall retired for the second time, went to Iowa where she works five half-days with retarded people--at age 93.

1964--Rev. Ken and Virginia Fineran, associate director and pastor.

1965--First Social Worker, Jim Reitz and Sue Reitz, who was a community nurse. Day Care Program--Luella Koether and T. Janet Surdam imprisoned by Chinese Communists for 200 days at the end of their missionary service in China.

1966--After 13 years of service, Rev. Glenn "Tex" Evans was named to the Board of Evangelism in Nashville. He is known all over the U.S. as the "Will Rogers of Methodism". (more promotion magic) He was honored by Goodyear for outstanding service to this community. Governor Bert Combs honored him with the title of Kentucky Colonel. In 1964 he was among 13 persons in Kentucky honored for "distinguished service in the field of Conservation." He is listed in "Who's Who Among Methodists." An evaluation committee from the Board of Missions rated his work, Superior.

Rev. Robert and Flora Fulton--director, pastor; Flora accomplished harpist.

Local Fire Department (volunteer), R.L. Bray, Fire Chief.

1967--Well baby clinic--Sue Reitz, RN.

1968--Henderson Settlement OEO Grantee to establish local community action; Feeder Pig Co-op; Prime example of community action, long hard drives to raise matching funds to build Laurel Fork Clinic, Elmer Partin, Chairman; Arlie Partin, Caryles McCullough, Vice Chairman; Fred Partin, Fay Titus, Georgia Teague, W.E. Partin, John Zoochi, Grace Zoochi, (now teaching Head start in Hope Church), Nona Hatfield, Mildred Harm (Mrs. Ray Harm), Flossie Partin (deceased).


Mrs. Frances Fleming Partin teaches a class for retarded adults.

Today's coal stripping or auguring companies: Junior Thacker's Ellison Coal Co.; J. L. Thacker Coal Co.; Fred Water's James Spur Coal Co.

1970--Robert F. Fulton to Alaska, Jim Reitz, acting director.

Frakes Elementary School dedicated, Ann Partin, Principal.

1971--Hope United Methodist Church became a member of the Red Bird Conference.

Rev. Don and Mrs. Helen Stilwell named director and pastor.

(Fall) Kentucky Ridge Development Corporation (KRDC) Kayak Factory. Employing 6 people began production. Main leaders Claire and Harry Daly.

Mountain View Dormitory burned.

1972--Kynett Memorial Chapel, burned February 26.
Tex Evans and Mary Ellen sent 50 Methodist Hymnals--first gift after fire.

1973--Rev. Jack and Mary Lou Gilbert named pastor--spearheaded drive to get Hope Church built. Gilbert's named Public Relations Director of Scarrit College in Nashville.

Laurel Fork Clinic dedicated (see 1968 above). New Opportunity Store on 92 near Siler, Kentucky.

1974--Rev. Willert and Mrs Mae Zahl came from Alaska as interim pastor to serve Hope Church. Completed this building, landscaped grounds and stayed through the dedication.

Present Mission: Child Care Emergency Shelter, Foster Home Care, Social Services, Early Childhood Development, School Tutoring, Head start Program, Demonstration Farm, Church, School, Craft Shop, Summer Youth Program, Community Action Program, Opportunity Stores, Laurel Fork Medical Clinic (mission gave back to the community land valued at ten thousand dollars--Mission sold to the Bell County School Board, land for Frakes Elementary.


1925-27--Church services in Evan Partin home, open air services by Miss Riel.

1927-28--In Assembly Room of Partin Hall.

1928-41--In Bishop Henderson Memorial Tabernacle.

1941-72--In Kynett Memorial Church built of native beech paneling, tapered to V edges and stripped behind. Altar and chancel of native oak. Ceiling of natural


pine. Floor varnished hardwood. Outside white weather boarding stained glass windows, one large circular over altar "Christ in the Garden" tall slim center front, "The Good Shepherd," front side "Jesus Blessing the Children" symbols side windows: Alpha, Omega, Bible, Ten Commandments, Ship, Star of Bethlehem, Candle, Bud, Communion Cup, Faith, Hope, Charity--Louisville Art Glass Co.

1972-74--Met in old lunchroom of Henderson High School (Partin Hall)

1974--First service in Hope Church, December 16, 1973. Jack Gilbert came back to preach. Brick exterior--various shades of red and black. Lighted copper colored fiberglass steeple. Front side dark wooden cross (made by Lee Hubbard's church) beside a red metal flame (arranged by Rev. Roy Severance), pecan paneling, red carpet, gold upholstery. Conference Supt. Rev. John Bischoff, under girded and helped all the way. Betty Letzig gave support from the New York Office. Bob Reed served as coordinator and architect. Master builder and carpenter--Joel Freeman, Volunteer who worked the longest--David Rendel. Building Committee: Mabel Taylor, Chairman; Ruby Partin Lambdin, Lois Titus, Faye Blevins, Pauline Fuson, Trustees: Bee Coppock, Fay Titus, Don Stilwell who led in keeping the church alive when there was no building. Promotion director, Rev. Roy B, Severance and Mrs. Johnny (since 1968 living in Lexington) flying all over the U.S. raising money for all Methodist work in Appalachia in Kentucky. This year--highest money raiser in Methodism.

May 5, 1974--Dedication of Hope United Methodist Church--Rev. Willert Zahl, first pastor.

Pastors in order of service: Includes Asst. Directors, Promotion Directors: 1925 Hiram Frakes, Bertha Riel; 1926: R.L. Budd; 1929: Forest Brown; 1930: Hodgkins; 1931; Hall; 1932: G.M. Haggard; 1935: W.E. Cissna; 1943: M.T. McDonald; 1944: Lee Fisher; 1945: John W. Cook, Bashford Powers; 1946: Guy Crawford; 1947: E.B. McBroom; 1949: Claude J.Eaton; 1951: Stanley P. Mahan; 1952: Ward Barter; 1953: Glenn Evans; 1955: Carrie Elizabeth Ovall; 1957: Don Horton; 1959: Lee Hubbard; 1964: Kenneth Fineran; 1966: Robert F. Fulton; 1968: Roy B. Severance; 1971: Jack Gilbert; 1974: Willert Zahl.


102--Johnson Maiden               75--Anderson Partin
 92--Jim George Evans (Mary K.    75--Patrick Partin
     Webb's Father                75--Sarah Beth Senters
 91--Maggie Partin (Mrs Billy)    75--Roscoe Teague
 90--Sis Lambdin                  75--Nannie Tolliver
 90--Elam Partin                  74--John Browning
 88--John Henry Senters           74--Pearl Ellis
 87--Pearl McCullough             74--Luster Fuson
 85--Leona Webb Bramlett          74--Stella Pope Head
 85--Lou Alice Henderson          74--Ida Fletcher Jones
 85--Joe Maiden                   74--Floyd Miracle


 85--Luther Orick                 74--Joe Thacker
 85--Mary Osborne Partin          73--Lee Bray
     (Mrs. Sherd)                 73--Lloyd McCullough
 84--Molly Bruce                  73--Hubert Partin
 84--Sudie Cheek                  73--Zella Lee Parrott
 83--Buddy Davis                  73--Harrison Willis
 83--Tom Morgan Partin            72--John L. Fletcher
 83--Wren Thacker                 72--Sally Ann Hubbard
 82--John Hubbard                 72--Sherman Hurst
 81--Nathan Partin                72--Edna Partin (Mrs. Hubert)
 81--Lizzie Powers                72--John Zoochi
 81--Verdie Simpson               71--Silas Cobb
 80--Peggy Baker                  71--Myrtle Howard
 80--Ann "Peanut" Partin          71--Simon Lambdin
 80--Joe Sharpe                   71--Wiley Maiden
 80--Mary Sharpe                  71--Rosa Mason Powers
 79--Lizzie Partin                71--Flora Munsey Thacker
 78--Willie Cobb                  70--Caleb Hatfield
 78--Sisco Hamlin                 70--Mabel Murray
 78--Bud Head                     70--Hodge Partin
 78--Minnie Lambdin               70--Leslie Powers
 77--Ollie Lee Webb               69--Bessie Maiden Bray
 76--Stella Cobb                  69--Mary Fuson Fletcher
 76--Robert Jones                 69--Verdie Higginbotham
 76--Tom King                     69--W.E. Partin
 76--W.T. Murray                  69--Rose Teague
 75--Bessie Morgan Maiden         69--Mary Katherine Webb
 75--Bell Miracle